Having dealt with intonation, I will devote this article to the place of articulation and the next to the type of articulation. Passive articulation, on the other hand, is a continuum without many clear boundaries. The linguolabial and interdental, interdental and dental, dental and alveolar, alveolar and palatal, palatal and velar, velar and uvular places merge, and somewhere between the mentioned places a consonant can be pronounced. Regions are not strictly separated from each other. For example, in some sounds in many languages, the surface of the tongue touches a relatively large area from the back of the upper teeth to the alveolar crest, which is common enough to get its own name, denti-alveolar. Similarly, the alveolar and postalveolar regions merge, as do the hard and soft palate, soft palate and uvula, and all adjacent regions. Terms such as prevelar (intermediate between palatal and velar), postvelar (between velar and uvular) and upper vs. inferior pharynx can be used to specify more precisely where the joint takes place. Although a language can contrast prevelar and post-velar sounds, it does not equally contrast them with palatal and uvular sounds (the same type of consonants), so contrasts are limited to the above number, if not always to their exact location. The terminology used in this article has been developed to accurately describe all consonants in all spoken languages of the world.

No known language distinguishes all the places described here, so less precision is needed to distinguish the sounds of a particular language. We can move through the joint sites from the front of the mouth to the back. NOTE: Additional shades of passive articulation are sometimes indicated by pre- or post-, for example, prepalatal (near the boundary between the postalveolar region and the hard palate); prevelar (at the back of the hard palate, also postpalatal or even mid-palatal for the middle of the hard palate); or postvelar (near the edge of the soft palate and uvula). They can be useful in accurately describing articulated sounds slightly further forward or backward than a prototypical consonant; for this purpose, the diacritics of the „fronted” and „retracted” API can be used. However, no additional tint is needed to phonetically distinguish two consonants in a single language. [a] As you move forward, be sure to say the sounds and examples of English words out loud so that you can feel the places of articulation in your own mouth. The passive joint site is the place on the most stationary part of the vocal tract where the joint occurs and can be anywhere from the lips, upper teeth, gums or palate of the mouth to the back of the throat. Although it is a continuum, there are multiple contrasting areas, so languages can distinguish consonants by articulating them in different scales, but few languages contrast two sounds in the same range unless there is another feature that contrasts as well. The following scales are contrastive: Some languages have consonants with two simultaneous articulation sites, which is called coarticulation. If these are articulated twice, the articulators must be independently mobile and therefore there must be only one of the main labial, coronal, dorsal and pharyngeal categories.

When the front of the tongue is used, it can be the upper surface or blade of the tongue that comes into contact („laminar consonants”), the tip of the tongue („apical consonants”) or the bottom („subapical consonants”). These joints also blend into each other without clear boundaries. Sometimes you see a specific vocabulary that puts the two places of articulation together. However, it is usually reduced to a passive joint, which is usually sufficient. Thus, dorso-palatal, dorsal-velar and dorsal-uvular are usually simply called „palatal”, „velar” and „uvular”. If there is ambiguity, additional terms have been coined, so that the subapical-palatal is more often referred to as „retroflex”. In articulatory phonetics, the location of the articulation of a consonant (also point of articulation) is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (usually part of the tongue) and a passive location (usually part of the roof of the mouth). With the type of articulation and phonation, it gives the consonant its distinctive sound.

In other words, these are the places where constrictions and air obstructions occur. Consonants that have the same place of articulation as the alveolar sounds /n, t, d, s, z, l/ in English are called homorganic.

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