OSHA staff reviewed UL`s extension application, its ability to meet testing standards requirements, and other relevant information. Based on its review of this evidence, OSHA determines that UL meets the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.7 for the extension of its recognition, subject to the limitations and conditions set forth in this release. OSHA is therefore issuing this final opinion to grant UL the scope of recognition. OSHA limits the extension of UL recognition to product testing and certification to demonstrate compliance with the testing standards listed in Table 1 below. OSHA recognition of an NRTL means that the organization meets the requirements set out in 29 CFR 1910.7. Recognition is an acknowledgement that the body can carry out independent safety testing and certification for specific products that fall within the scope of recognition and does not constitute a delegation or grant of governmental authority. Because of the recognition, employers can use products that have been properly approved by the NRTL to meet OSHA standards, which require testing and certification of products. Other Canadian provinces have electrical safety requirements similar to Ontario`s, based on the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC) and other CSA standards. With respect to machinery safety, provinces other than Ontario primarily use CSA standards. Only companies that have applied for and been approved under the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.7 are considered NRTLs. Recently, the Canadian Standards Association became the first foreign laboratory to be approved as an NRTL. A copy of a policy dealing with NRTLs is attached.
UL publishes safety standards. These mainly contain requirements for electrical appliances and components. An example is UL 508A (industrial panels). Some UL standards have been submitted by UL to ANSI; they are now also ANSI standards. UL standards primarily address the risk of fire and electric shock. OSHA requirements are defined by laws, standards, and regulations. Our interpretative letters explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances, but they cannot create additional obligations for employers. This letter represents OSHA`s interpretation of the requirements under discussion. Please note that our enforcement guidelines may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. We also update our guidelines from time to time in response to new information. To stay informed of these developments, you can visit the OSHA website at www.osha.gov.
3. UL shall continue to meet the recognition requirements, including any previously published conditions for the scope of UL`s recognition, in all areas for which UL is recognized. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration in the United States is an agency of the United States Department of Labor. According to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Arbeitsschutz), employers are responsible for a safe and healthy workplace. OSHA`s mission is to ensure safe workplaces through the establishment and enforcement of standards, training, awareness, education and support. Employers must comply with all applicable OSHA standards. They must also comply with the general mandatory clause of the Occupational Health and Safety Act, which requires employers to keep their workplaces free from serious hazards. www.osha.gov/law-regs.html electrical equipment is subject to a variety of local and state requirements and permits.
As government regulations, OSHA standards are somewhat comparable to European directives, although technical requirements vary widely. OSHA is more concerned with describing specific mandatory technical requirements than abstract requirements. Another important difference is that EU directives are primarily aimed at machine manufacturers and integrators, while OSHA standards are aimed at employers who operate the machine (usually the buyer or owner of the machine). In the United States, it is therefore the responsibility of the buyer to demand compliance with OSHA standards. In 22 U.S. states, such as Michigan and California, the respective governments administer a safety and health program that fulfills OSHA`s duties in that state and implements equivalent or sometimes even stricter requirements. In four other states, the government scheme covers only public sector employees. According to OSHA, „States must establish occupational health and safety standards that are `at least as effective` as comparable federal standards. (Most states adopt standards identical to those of the federal government.) States have the ability to adopt standards that cover hazards not covered by federal standards. Electrical standards in Canada are published by the CSA (Canadian Standards Association).
They often resemble American demands. Some CSA electrical standards are based on IEC standards and are tailored to Canadian needs. others were developed in collaboration with UL or NFPA. Electrical safety is certified by SCC (Standards Council of Canada) accredited laboratories. These include, for example, CSA and UL, but also many others. In the province of Ontario, the technical requirements for machinery safety are comparable to those of the EU (European Union). However, self-certification by the manufacturer is not allowed. For most newly installed or modified machinery, Ontario Regulation 851 (Industrial Establishments – Safety Regulation) requires the owner or employer to ensure that the machine is not used until a PSHSR has been conducted, usually by a licensed engineer. The Ontario Ministry of Labour`s PHSPRs consider a combination of CSA, ANSI, ISO and EN regulations.
The Agency shall process applications by an NRTL for initial recognition and for the extension or renewal of such recognition in accordance with the requirements set out in Appendix A of 29 CFR 1910.7. This appendix requires the agency to publish two notices on the Federal Register to process an application. In the first notice, OSHA announces the application and issues an interim determination. In the second opinion, the Agency takes a final decision on the application. These notifications determine the scope of recognition or modification of that scope by the NRTL. OSHA maintains an informational website for each NRTL, including UL, detailing the scope of NRTL recognition. These pages are available on the OSHA website at www.osha.gov/dts/otpca/nrtl/index.html. In order to obtain FM approval, a manufacturer must submit a product testing request. FM Approvals returns an offer and both parties sign a contract. The item is then tested and reported. If the product passes, the factory must also undergo a surveillance audit. Only then can the product be marked with the Release status.
Over the past few decades, industry and government representatives have joined forces to make the workplace safer for industrial workers and create incentives for employers to take safety seriously. For example, a UL rated product may have only been tested under limited hazardous conditions. Depending on the performance of the product during testing, it will be returned to the manufacturer for improvement or placed in one of three categories: UL listed, UL recognized, and UL classified. There is no single test that makes a product or part UL approved, as each of these certifications is approved under different circumstances. Product standards, fire codes, electrical guidelines, and national laws are particularly relevant in the United States. In the United States, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) also regulates the establishment of a safe and healthy workplace. Each time a manufacturer develops a new product, they send it to one of UL`s certification testing centers for certification. In the facilities, they test each product to make sure that it really withstands the pressure for which it is advertised, that the structure is safe, and that the product is generally safe to use. Surprise workplace visits and inspections by government officials help enforce regulations, and employees are also empowered to report unsafe conditions.
While there is always room for improvement, these organizations have taken steps in the right direction to reduce workplace hazards.